Download e-book for iPad: A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's by John F. Marszalek

By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Nineties, George W. Murray looked to be the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African americans who observed their hopes overwhelmed within the aftermath of the Civil warfare. Early within the 20th century, even if, tragically defeated by means of corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't break out, Murray used to be pushed from workplace and from the kingdom. Drawing on wide examine to reconstruct Murray’s existence tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans in the course of the compelling conflict of 1 guy and indicates how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s occupation, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, integrated phrases within the U.S. condo of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican social gathering. He was once an investor in addition to a landed house owner who offered tracts to terrible blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet by way of the start of the 20th century, together with his celebration in shambles, he came upon himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land take care of of his black land dealers. Murray used to be came upon to blame, and the South Carolina preferrred courtroom upheld the decision. Sentenced to demanding hard work on a series gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his lifestyles in obscurity.

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Unfortunately for him, Murray’s full-blooded Negroid features were not preferred to Miller’s lighter hue. The “Canary,” as the mulatto Miller was called, received the crowd’s support. In his own county, however, Murray was the beneficiary of pro-black feeling. Brayton was heckled, and a slate of pro-Murray delegates was elected in Stateburg, a town close to Murray’s farm and the scene of his 1889 Colored Alliance speech. A mulatto expressed the attitude of many district voters when he demanded the nomination of a black man to demonstrate forthrightly that there were qualified blacks available for public office.

19 Murray’s expulsion from the state’s university demonstrated that blacks like him had been put in their place through the return of this white leadership. Murray returned to northwest Sumter County, to his life of school teaching and farming. Although he demonstrated no political ambitions, he no doubt was concerned about his right to vote, so the political changes he was witnessing in his county and his state had to be disturbing. But he had more personal matters on his mind. A twenty-four-year-old man of dark skin, he married a light-skinned twelve-year-old named Ella Reynolds.

The Republicans reaction to their disfranchisement predicament was to withdraw from the political scene. Murray’s newly acquired leadership role meant little in the face of the White Conservatives’ increasingly successful electoral disfranchisement. Murray still had his land to farm, and he continued teaching. Between 1884 From Slavery to Public Life / 13 and 1889 when Grover Cleveland was president and Republicans were in political limbo in South Carolina, he taught at School District No. 8–Rafting Creek.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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