Download PDF by Michael Fortescue: A Discourse Production Model For Twenty Questions

By Michael Fortescue

ISBN-10: 9027225052

ISBN-13: 9789027225054

This essay is an try and increase a believable version of the cognitive techniques at the back of the habit exhibited through speaker-hearers in a particular discourse scenario.

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The interrogative), and of these basic sentence patterns there are only a handful within the mood system of any lan­ guage. When we address ourselves to a wider range of contextualized discourse acts, however, the relevance of the notion becomes much more questionable due to the wide array of forms available for realizing them and to the possibility of one utterance performing more than one act at once. Thus already in the case of game questions we have found that forms typically associated with the making of statements are com­ mon in that function.

Jokes', being parasitic upon ordinary speech acts, are not here treated as a separate function. (1) Signal Intent Can I recap. This act is often performed by an utterance of form similar to those under (k), though with falling terminal intonation ; the action rereferred to must be one the speaker intends immediately carrying out. An even more common form is the utterance type 'Let me --' (plus ref­ erence to the action intended). In listing these functional types a certain amount of Overlap' has been in evidence.

In our terms, they lie at the perlocutionary pole of the cline at whose 40 'TWENTY QUESTIONS' other pole are found discourse acts for which 'illocutionary force' does 'exhaust the meaning' (as Strawson puts it): mediation by another act is in their case not possible. Discourse acts between the two poles (such as our (b) and (d) ) are all indirect to some degree or another. Illocutionary force is for Strawson, then, that intended force which must be recognized by the hearer as adhering to the form of the utterance for him to respond appropriately to it (as opposed to, say, 'convincing' or 'boasting', which the speaker may or may not wish the hearer to recognize as such but which is not rel atable to any particu­ lar from type).

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A Discourse Production Model For Twenty Questions by Michael Fortescue


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