By Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu
This e-book provides the 1st documentation of Nzadi, a Bantu language spoken through fishermen alongside the Kasai River within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). it's the manufactured from huge research by means of the authors and members in box equipment and staff examine classes on the collage of California, Berkeley, and includes ten chapters protecting the segmental phonology, tone process, morphology, and sentence constitution, through appendices at the Nzadi humans and heritage and on Proto-Bantu to Nzadi sound adjustments. additionally incorporated are 3 texts and a lexicon of over 1100 entries, together with a few fish species. ahead of this paintings, Nzadi had no longer even been pointed out within the literature, and at the moment nonetheless has no access as a language or dialect within the Ethnologue. Of specific curiosity within the research of Nzadi is its huge grammatical simplification, leading to buildings rather various from these of canonical Bantu languages. even though Nzadi has misplaced lots of the inherited agglutinative morphology, there are nonetheless recognizable category prefixes on nouns and a reflex of noun category contract in genitive structures. different parts of specific curiosity are human/number contract, tense-aspect-mood marking, non-subject relative clause buildings, and WH query formation. This succinct, yet complete grammar presents wide assurance of the phonological, grammatical and semantic homes that might be of power curiosity not just to Bantuists, Africanists and people attracted to this zone of the DRC, but in addition to typologists, normal linguists, and scholars of linguistics.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo
28] /ndzçç â dzá/ /Ngwùú â dzá/ /mbvá â dzá/ /okáàr â dzá/ /mwa&àn â dzá/ ! ! ! ndzçç â dzá Ngwuu â dzá mbvá â dzá okáár a dzá mwáán a dzá ‘an elephant has eaten’ ‘a hippopotamus has eaten’ ‘a dog has eaten’ ‘a woman has eaten’ ‘a child has eaten’ In the first three examples the HL of /â/ surfaces as such after a stem that ends L or H. H, as was seen in okáár ! 27]. In fact, a HL tense marker never simplifies in this way (cf. the HL reduplicant in the future forms below). 27], the tense marker is completely L.
G. o-lyaa ‘to cry’ vs. o-lya ‘to pass’), ondyE@E@ ‘white man’ vs. ndyE@ ‘injury’. If analyzed as vowel sequences, this would produce the The Sound System 25 representations o-liaa and ondíE@E@ with three vowels in the same syllable, a sequence that doesn’t otherwise exist. In addition, if interpreted as glides, we can explain the absence of /wy/ and /yw/ as a prohibition of glide sequences. Note that the sequence [wi] is not found, while [yu] is: o-yûp ‘to ask (for)’, iyûr ‘family’. g. NC. As such, NC can be considered a complex onset.
Only 11 lexical entries have been found with a H tone prefix, mostly the íof numerals. 3% have monosyllabic stems. )’ màáNgu&l ‘mango’ mbwEtE@tE ‘star’ As can be seen from the numbers, the only reasonably common bisyllabic stem-tone patterns are H-H, H-L, L-H, L-L and L-HL. g. bulE^ ‘blue’, kçkç^ ‘coconut’, pEpE^ ‘papaya’, sabât ‘shoe’, kamyç^ ‘car’, avokâ ‘avocado’, kafE^ ‘coffee’, velô ‘bicycle’. g. ozabakan ‘to know each other’, opukmun ‘to tempt’, tufîn ‘pus’, mabán@tsa ‘thought’, mpçndç@ ‘millet’.
A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo by Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu